Мурат Уали

murat-ualeeВ советское время стал кандидатом физ-мат наук.
Однако, специализация в физике по мощным лазерам и оптики плазмы оказалась не востребована в независимом Казахстане, поэтому пришлось переквалифицироваться в инженера-теплотехника, а в последние годы – в публициста и драматурга.

Автор двух книг: Поэтический сборник «Тюркские мотивы» 2009 г.
Сборник исторических эссе «Эпоха обретения границ/ Шекара шегін айқындау дәуірі» на рус и каз языках (в соавторстве с М. Томпиевым) 2015 г.
Автор сценария по повести Б. Канапьянова «Тамга тас», опубликованного в книге Б. Канапьянова «Тамга тас» 2013г.

Исторические эссе, научно-популярные статьи, рецензии на кинофильмы, стихи, публиковались в казахстанских журналах: Тамыр, Нива, Ветер Странствий, Современное образование, Литературная Алма-Ата, Nomad, Vox Populi.
В газетах: Новое поколение, Свобода слова, Караван, Литературный Казахстан, Тюрк Алемы, Наш мир.

В настоящее время свободный публицист-исследователь. Пишу статьи о белых пятнах в истории Казахстана в газету «Новое поколение» и журнал «Манги Ель».


During the Soviet period I became kandidate physical-mat sciences.
However My physics specialization in powerful lasers and optics of plasma wasn’t demanded in modern Kazakhstan, therefore I trained for a new profession the heating engineer, and in recent years – in the publicist and the playwright.

Author of two books: Poetic collection “Turkic Motives”. Almaty 2009.
The collection of historical essays “Era of Finding of Borders ” (in the Russian and Kazakh languages with co-author M. Tompiyev). Almaty 2015.
The scriptwriter according to B. Kanapyanov’s story “Tamga tas” published in B. Kanapyanov’s book “Tamga tas”. Almaty 2013.
Historical essays, popular scientific articles, reviews of movies, verses, were published in the Kazakhstan magazines: Tamyr, Niva, Veter Stranstvy, Modern education, Literary Alma-Ata, Nomad, Vox Populi, Mangi El.
In newspapers: Novoye Pokoleniye, Svoboda Slova, Caravan, Literary Kazakhstan, Türk Alemy, Nash Mir.
Now free publicist-researcher. I write articles about white spots in the history of Kazakhstan to the “Novoye Pokoleniye” newspaper and “Mangi El” magazine.

Повесть “Ботай”


In March, 2009 the famous article “The Earliest Horse Harnessing and Milking” of international collective of archaeologists was published in the “Science” magazine. As followed from it, domestication of wild horse and appearance of the first riders in Eurasia  had happened  within the framework of Botay culture of IV of millennium BC in North Kazakhstan. On this wave of interest of world scientific community to the results of researches of Kazakh archaeologists, the Kokshetau university at the initiative of the archeologist Nurbek Duysen holds the international press conference for journalists. It goes on in place of excavations of ancient settlement Botay, located ashore the small river Imanburlyc (inflow of Ishim) in  Airtau district of the North-Kazakhstan. At first journalists get acquainted with the place of excavation. After this in the hall of local rural club archaeologists from Great Britain, USA and Kazakhstan tell to him about the sensational results,  got  at the analysis of the artifacts found at excavations. The stories of archaeologists are illustrated by the literary slides – historical reconstructions of five millennial past events: as botay people made a kumis, as produced the ritual coalface of horse, as birth of rider  happened – the first centaur of Eurasian steppes.

Nurbek Dyuysen – the moderator of a press conference, answering a question of the journalist  about the continuity of traditions of the horse-breeding in steppe,  tells about the grandfather-shepherd living in the neighboring aul Botay.  His grandfather with a name  Sayrambek grazed sovhoz herd and had the stallion by nickname Botay of rare steppe breed of kazanat. Sayrambek cherished a young stallion, dreaming to revive disappearing breed kazanat. However, his plans have been destroyed by preparation of the USSR for war with Japan. In the spring of 1945, after the conflict with the officer of NKVD responsible for mobilization of the Kazakhstan horses for the Far East front, the shepherd has been arrested, and his stallion is confiscated. A shepherd Sayrambek was sent in a labor camp near Novosibirsk, and stallion Botay together with other Kazakhstan horses was sent in a railway echelon on Far East where war with Japan prepared.  But on the way an obstinate stallion breaks by back hoofs the wooden wall of old wagon. Through an appearing hole he jumps out from a wagon and has appeared in Siberia. Botay hurries home across the Siberian taiga, escaping from a bear, from wolves, from people. He runs beside a Siberian village, beside a labor camp near Novosibirsk…

The former shepherd – the prisoner Sayrambek is sent from the camp to capture of the stallion noticed in the wood. He learns in a stallion of Botay  and decides to save him from a camp fate, running together with him. Escort′s  bullet will wound Sayrambek at escape and he perishes in way from blood loss. The stallion Botay safely comes back to the native aul on the bank of the small river Imanburlyk. Sayrambek’s death was not vain. His dream comes true. After a year the foal – kazanat from Botay is born.

The life of the first horse breeders and riders in era of Botay culture, events of life of the shepherd Sayrambek, his stallion, and his grandson archeologist Nurbek remote from each other more than on 5 thousand years, are connected in the story not just by unity of the scene of action on the bank of Imanburlyk river. This connection – in continuity of nomadic horse-breeding culture in the territory of Kazakhstan from an Eneolithic era, when steppe horse breeding has arisen, up to the last time. After the archaeological opening of settlement Botay, became quite obviously, that Kazakhs, as heirs of the first centaurs of Eurasian steppes and representatives of great  nomadic civilization. They have more than 5 thousand years of the horse-breeding and steppe culture pick-a-back.

However these traditions have been almost completely lost during the Soviet and Post-Soviet period. The nomads who were born on backs of horses have lost the nomadic roots. From nomadic cattle breeding economy there were only pathetic splinters, and the cult of a horse has degenerated in a car cult …

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